Picture of the Month

August 2013

Gezer Calendar

Gezer was a city in ancient Canaan, situated between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. Gezer was conquered by Joshua (Joshua 10:33), and mentioned in the books of Judges and Kings. In 1908, Macalister discovered in Tel Gezer a limestone tablet inscribed with seven lines of ancient Hebrew alphabets, and dated to the 10th century B.C. After recognition it turned out to be an agriculture calendar (see table below). The original is kept in the Museum of Ancient Orient in Istanbul, and a replica is kept in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. On the lower left edge we see the scribe’s name as “Abijah”, which appeared several times in the Bible, including the name of a king of Judah (I Kings 14:31).

 *Gibson, John C. L. Textbook of Syrian Semitic Inscriptions. Vol. 1. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973.